Lower Arm

Anatomy of the lower arm

The lower arm exists out of two bones – the radius and the ulna – and connects the wrist and the elbow joint. Both bones can rotate and move over each other while rotating the hand and lower arm.

The muscle structure of the lower arm is a lot more complex than that of the upper arm. This is because the muscles not only have to rotate the lower arm, but they also have to move the hand up, down, left and right.

Just like the upper arm, there are two types of injuries that can occur to the lower arm: A fracture of the bone or a muscle injury.

cTreatment for injuries to the lower arm


With fractures we can distinguish simple and more complex fractures.

The former can be cast in plaster immediately, while the latter needs reduction in swelling before surgery can take place. By applying cTreatment right after the trauma occurs, wait due to swelling is shortened. As a consequence, the operation can take place sooner, which leads to a shorter hospital stay and an earlier start of the revalidation process.

Muscle injuries

The objectives of cTreatment for muscle injuries (tears, strains and contusions) differ greatly from those for fractures.

On the one hand the cooling makes sure that the damaged tissue recovers better and faster. On the other hand the cooling will make sure that damage to the healthy tissue is avoided thanks to the decreased blood flow.

It’s very important that the cooling of the tissue happens in the correct way. The right temperature protocols as well as several body specific parameters should be taken into account at every phase of the recovery process. Cooling with ice has little or no effect because of the uncontrollable character of the process, but what is worse: it could be hazardous – cold burns and nerve damages occur frequently when using ice as cooling.

The cTreatments developed by Waegener for the lower arm make sure that the cooling process is adequate and safe during every phase of the recovery process; as well for fractures as for muscle injuries. The success of cTreatment is gained by the specific protocols per phase of the recovery as well as the accuracy of the cServer, that realizes the energy exchange in the tissue by applying those protocols.

With muscle injuries, the first 96 hours are crucial to the recovery, so it’s a matter of applying cTreatment as soon as possible.